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Bloody Sunday

From Women in European History

File:Example.jpg===Russia 1905===

Bloody Sunday has been used to describe many different events occurring at various times in the European Revolution. TIGHTEN UP THIS FIRST SENTENCE AND MAKE IT MORE SPECIFIC. In this case, it refers to a violent day in the history of the Social Democratic Party in 1905. On January 22 in St. Petersburg, Russia, the tension between working citizens and government forces peaked in a series of deadly events. The events of this deadly day were thought to be the cumulative result of battles between Russia and Japan and the political forces within Russia herself. The murderous events of this day became known as one of the most WIDELY known acts of nationalism to take place. It is often thought that this event is what turned the Russian Revolution towards the more violent path it took on in it’s later years.
On a Sunday afternoon, a large group of unarmed workers, their families, and supporters along with their organizers, including Father Gapon, a Russian priest who sympathized with the plight of the lower working classes, marched from various points in the city towards the Winter Palace in order to bring their protest to the Tsar. Gapon had given word to police officials in the days before that the event would be taking place in an effort to demonstrate the peaceful nature of the protestors. However, the group was brought to a halt near Narva Gate, the factory most protesters worked at, which also happened to be on the route to the palace. What was thought to have been a peaceful demonstration quickly turned violent when members of the Imperial Guard prevented the protestors from marching on. Warning shots were fired into the air; but, before anyone could turn back officers began firing into the crowd. While it has been said that the attacks were an effort to kill Father Gapon, he was not harmed in the demonstration. However, many innocent victims, the number ranging from 500 to thousands, were unnecessarily murdered that day. 
After the event many question were left up in the air. As with many historical attacks, it is questioned whether or not shots were fired first from within the crowd or if Russian forces were acting in accord with similar behaviors of officers attacking groups without warrant that had become popular WORD CHOICE during this time. Also, the motives of Father Gapon are unknown due to his betrayal of the revolutionaries. It is theorized that he notified government officials in planning the event not in an attempt to ensure it’s peaceful arrangement but, for personal monetary and social gain and aiding the Russian army. Futhermore, the exact number of lives lost may never be known to the variance of accounts from each side. What is know, however, is this murderous day, now known as Bloody Sunday, would forever change the structure of revolution in Russia.

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